"Geesi dhereb kuma jiro"

Friday, September 12, 2014

Pre-Islamic Arabia and Pagan Foundations of Islam

While many today would consider Islam to be a fiercely monotheist and purist religion absent of all pagan roots an examination of the historical record reveals a much more immediate past with several originally pagan practices still being practiced today under the guise of monotheism. Islam, like many other world religions, was created to unify a disintegrated tribal region for purposes of power and was less a revelation of one god then it was a form of henotheism masquerading as monotheism. We will find that many fundamental Islamic practices such as reverence and prayer toward the Kaaba, the very nature of Allah, and the the Hajj to Mecca all find their way to pagan beginnings.

While other monotheist religions may have been influenced by pagan cults in their beginning the difference in Islam is that these pagan practices continue up until today, arbitrarily without explanation or extensive scriptural support, and these ceremonies have not been purged. This may come as a startling revelation to some, considering the virulent strain of fundamentalist Islam that has risen to prominence in the late twentieth and twenty first century preaching a strict monotheism and intolerance or violence toward those who do not accept the one true god “Allah.”

Pre Islamic History

Doctors Richard Hooker and Richard Hines of Washington State University paint a compelling image of the landscape of pre-Islamic history. Before the Arabs became unified Arabia proper was comprised of warring tribes bound together by no permanent central government. As no major rivers ran through this region no large permanent cities became viable prospects, with large settlements such as Riyadh only becoming recently possible with modern technology. As a consequence the Arab peoples became nomadic herders of cattle who oversaw the domain of large pastures. For the purposes of this research we will focus on the pastoralist Bedouin tribes which comprise inner Arabia of the Pre-Islamic classical era and when “Arabs” are referenced we are specifically not including Arab kingdoms near the Levant and southern coast such as the Nabataean and Sabean empires.

While at times the Arabs would momentarily unify to raid Persia or the immensely wealthy Yemenite coast they mostly warred amongst each other, especially in the form of caravan raids, for the Arabs were prolific traders, and this was their primary source of wealth.

The commerce these tribes were concerned with was the Indian to Mediterranean trade which passed through Southern Arabia on its way to Byzantium. The Arab tribes served as intermediaries to facilitate such a trade and profited as being couriers of such goods or by simply taking up the warpath and raiding the goods from other tribes which tended to cooperate.

Classical Era

During the time of Mohammed, what has come to be known as the classical era, al-Arabiyya or classical Arabic became widespread and became the language of poetry and culture, allowing for the soon to be transmitted Koran. Muru’a or the Arabic equivalent to the Greek arête and Roman virtus, the virtue of manliness and excellence, was soon hailed as vital to heroic leadership. The cultivation of this virtue in tribal society transformed the Arab people who already had a disposition to war into a formidable expansionary force with a powerful leadership, a framework which would make it easier to equate kinship ties with military hierarchy and allowed for the formation of a sprawling Arab empire in years to come.

“Ilah”

Pre-Islamic religious practice was comprised of two principle sources: local animist tradition in the form of grove, rock and meteorite worship as well as veneration of a vast pantheon of gods mainly derived from western Semitic sources, to which the tribes celebrated a form of henotheism locally. When the Quraysh captured Mecca circa 500 C.E. following in the wake of the recent Arab militarization they proclaimed Hubal, the tribal head god who was known to have subordinate to him his goddess daughters al-Lat (cognate to Allatu, the Carthaginian underworld goddess originating from Ereshkigal), al-Uzza, and al-Manat (the same goddesses who famously appear in the “satanic verses” of Sura 53), as lord of the temple city (Occhigrosso 394-397). To the Quraysh this Hubal was often referred to as “Allah” for “Allah” is not a proper name but actually a contraction of “al-” and “-ilah” meaning “the god (Jeffery 85, Brill 302, Peters 3-41).” Even the word “Ilah” has a deeper meaning as “Il” or “Ilah” refers to an even earlier primeval lunar god worshipped by the Arabs which by the time of the Quraysh had become a general name for “god.” According to Carelton Coon “…under Mohammed’s tutelage, the relatively anonymous Ilah became Al-Ilah, The God, or Allâh, the Supreme Being.”

This is not simply a matter of semantics: “Allah” does not mean “God” but “the god,” the first implies that there is a singular god and second meaning implies that this god is a god of prominence amongst others. Allah was not a revelatory name as discovered by Mohammed but instead a common term used by his tribe, and possibly the other tribes of Inner Arabia, to refer to the chief god amongst others.

Following in Semitic tradition many Arabs named their children as “servant” or “slave” of their chief god, the famous Carthaginian “Hannibal” translates to “grace of the Lord (Baal)” (Baal = El) for example. One such named individual was Abd Allah, Mohammed’s own father who died before Mohammed was even born (Andrae 13-30). Numerous others were named after “Allah” before the revelation of Islam occured including such significant figures of Pre-Islamic history such as Quraysh kinsmen Abd-Allah ben Djahsh, Ubayd-Allah, Abd-Allah ben Djudan and the sons of Umar: Abd-Allah and ‘Ubayd-Allah. The presence of such names in the historical record alludes to the notion that “Allah” was worshipped before Mohammed’s time and was in reverence of the god Hubal (Peters 3-41, Brockelmann 8-10).

It can be conjectured that Mohammed chose “Allah” as the “God” of Islam because the name rang true amongst his clansmen (Andrae 13-30) and the other Arab tribes who had come to respect Hubal as the chief god of Mecca, with the passing of time eventually centralizing the cult into the belief that “Allah” had always been the one God. Surely when Mohammed began referring to his new god as “Allah” it must have caused no immediate alarm amongst his Arab brethren as the term was not then used a proper noun but simply a substitute for a name of reverence (similar to the western Semitic Baal which simply means Lord and is not the proper name of the God being identified), in the case of the Quraysh: Hubal. This ingenious use of language was only made possible by a previous event in Pre-Islamic history which made the worship of Hubal familiar to the Arabs visiting Mecca: the conquest of the city by Mohammed’s tribe.

Worship of Stones and Idols


Connected with the worship of Gods was also the worship of stones and idols. When the Quraysh captured Mecca they installed atop the Kaaba an idol of Hubal, marking him most prominent amongst the reportedly three hundred and sixty god idols of the Cube (Armstrong 11). For the next one hundred and twenty years the cult of Hubal (up until Mohammed’s conquest of Mecca in 620 C.E.) was centralized and Arabs visiting Mecca during the Hajj would have become familiar with the god’s prominent position atop the other lesser deities represented at the holy city. A less likely report made in Sarwar’s Muhammed the Holy Prophet claims that “Amr bin Lahyo bin Harath bin Amr ul-Qais bin Thalaba bin Azd bin Khalan bin Babalyun bin Saba” of Hijaz had placed the Hubal idol even earlier, four hundred years before the birth of Mohammed (Sarwar 18-19). Regardless of who installed the Hubal idol in its prime location at Mecca what is surely known is that the Quraysh named the god chief amongst others. The Quraysh would have expected visiting Arabs to pay special homage to the “Lord” of the city upon their pilgrimage and to respect Hubal as the chief god while within the city. While these provisions did not destroy the polytheism of Arabia it may have reinforced henotheistic notions which would allow for a shift to monotheism to be not as startling as it would have been in past times and would have made Arabs familiar with the name of “Allah,” a phrase which by that time had become synonymous with Hubal.

History shows that as societies become increasingly wealthy, literate and militarily powerful they become increasingly monotheistic, a trend which may have been increasingly apparent in the years approaching Mohammed’s birth as made possible by the economic virtues of the classical Arabic era. Mohammed’s declaration of Shahadah can be interpreted as a final declaration of Hubal’s primacy and his destruction of the idol cults within Mecca during 620 C.E. more of a political showing of power rather than a religious statement. Mohammed’s centralization of the cult can be paralleled with the King Hezekiah’s religious reforms of the seventh century B.C.E., reforms with religious overtures more so designed to increase the monarch’s power from tribal overlord to king proper by means of national ideology (as proposed by Professor Robert Beckford in his Channel 4 documentary Who Wrote The Bible?).

Pagan Roots

While the Islamic god has roots in the worship of the lunar god Hubal so does the veneration of the Kaaba have ancient pagan roots. The original black stone which the Kaaba was built around to protect was most likely a meteorite connected with the worship of baetyli or sacred stones, a common practice of the pre-Islamic Arabs. As the ancient Arabs primarily worshipped gods representing astrological entities such as the moon, sun and Venus, the principal deity before Hubal being the worship of the lunar goddess al-Lat, these meteorites were considered to be actual pieces of the gods themselves and the places where they landed were considered the most sacred places of ancient Arabia. These places were considered to be areas to which the spirit and material world met, linking the heavens and earth, metaphorically referred to as the Gates of Heaven (Armstrong-2 221). Other Kaaba structures existed during the classical period such as the “red stone”, the deity of the south Arabian city of Ghaiman, and the “white stone” in the Ka’ba of al-Abalat (near the city of Tabala, south of Mecca) (Grunebaum 24). The worship of these stones was not only connected to the worship of primeval lunar gods but also even earlier animist traditions in accordance with the belief in stone fetishes, magical mountains, ponds, groves, special rock formations and “trees of strange growth” to which the Arabs believed were possessed by spirits which afforded them special protection or blessings in war and in economic ventures, according to Grunebaum among others (Brockelmann 8-10, Van Ess 29, Martin 96, Rodinson 16-17).

It is likely that the Kaaba we know today, the one which houses the black stone, was one of the few if not the only shrines to be constructed out of stone and to which a major cult of worship developed. Mecca would soon come to be known as a holy ground to which warring tribes could meet peacefully and settle their differences (Grunebaum 18), a practice which would lead to regular pilgrimages to the site, visits which eventually become known as the Hajj. The Kaaba is mentioned by several ancient historians including the second century C.E. historian Ptolemy who refers to it as Macoraba, a “south Arabian foundation created around a sanctuary” (Wensinck 318). The first century B.C.E. historian Diodorus Siculus also mentions the Kaaba in his Bibliotheca Historica saying “and a temple has been set-up there, which is very holy and exceedingly revered by all Arabians (Gibbon 223-224).”

While Mecca was considered a sacred site during this ancient period it had more implications as sanctified ground useful for peaceful convergence than it had as a religious temple, the latter implication was brought about with the Quraysh invasion and the primacy of Hubal in an attempt at centralizing the tribe’s regional power (Grunebaum 19). The Quraysh solidified the notion of the Kaaba as a religious temple and also a major spice, leather, jewelry, blacksmithing, textile and perfume (Heck) trading center (Armstrong-2 221-222) which greatly increased the power and prestige of the tribe and organized yearly pilgrimages to the site, formalizing the Hajj into a ritualized custom.

These arbitrary reverences based in pagan superstitions, goddess worship, tribal infighting, idol worship and animism would come to form some of the fundamental rituals of Islam, foundations which were supposedly revealed to Mohammed by the angel Gabriel. In actuality it can conjectured that Mohammed reinvented pagan institutions which had already existed for hundreds or even thousands of years in hopes of creating a seductive, tribally accepted imperial ideology designed to form a strong unifying backbone for the Arab empire to come, to which Mohammed was supremely successful.

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Suul-arag & Soof-arag

Soomaalidu waxay ka mid tahay isirrada dunida ugu fac weyn oo Geesta Afrika ku nool. Dhawr boqol oo kun oo gu'aad ka hor ayaa aadmigii ugu horreeyay ka faafay Geeska Afrika waxaa se ilbaxnimada aadmigu hanaqaadday tobankii kun ee gu'aad ee u dambeeyay. Soomaalidu tobankaas kun ee gu'aad ayey xiriir la soo yeelatay guud ahaantood isirrada dunida. Tusaale ahaan xiriirkii ay la lahayd Masaaridii Hore shan kun oo gu'aad ka hor ayaa waxaa uu sooyaallay in ka badan afar kun oo gu'aad. Waxay Soomaaliya ku magac dheerayd "Dhulkii Gabayda." Wax lagu faano baa ka buuxa sooyaalka Soomaaliyeed, wax laga yalaalugoodo se waa ay ku jiraan, siijireenka na lahaan doonaa. 

Ilbaxnimadii waayihii hore, ka hor farsamada iyo aqoonta cusub, aqoonwadaaggii aadmiga waxaa kaalin weyn ku lahaa badmaaxeyaal qaaradaha u kala goosha. Qaabkaas ayaa dadka dega xeebaha u qaabbili jiray shisheeye waageeni ah oo ay dadka gudaha sii jira haleelin. Halkaan waxaa ka dhalan jiray saamayn kala duwan oo dhaqameed, diimeed, afeed, iwm. Sidaas ayaa qolo ba qolo u saan duwi jirtay. Saamaysanuhu dookh ma lahayn badanaa, inta loo yimaado ayaa loo loogi jiray isbeddel buuxa haddii isbeddelku dheehan yahay xumaan iyo waxyeello ama uu ballaysimay wanaag iyo samaan inta ba. Arrintaan ayaa daaha ka rogaysa waxyaalo badan oo Soomaalida ku saabsan oo laga gorfayn karaa waxa ka qaldan iyo waxa u suubban ee ku aaddan baxdadii hore, joogtada maantoole iyo timaaddada berritoole.

Iskaashigii Soomaaliya la yeelatay Turkigii, Shiinihii, Boortoqiiskii, Hindidii, Baarshiyaankii, Carabtii, Yurubiyaankii iyo Afrikada kale ba, ayaa waxaa ugu waayo dheera ama ugu saamayn ballaarnaa kii Carbeed. Kaas oo hanaqaaday wixii ka dambeeyey faafkii diinta Islaamka. Waxaa loogu yeeri karaa isbeddel Soomaali soo mara kii ugu weynaa maadaama uu gebi ahaan saan-duway oo teer iyo maanta aawan yahay. Tusaale ahaan waxbarashada ugu horraysa ee Soomaaligu la kowsado dugsi quraanka ayey ka bilaabataa, waxa uu kala kulmaa maskax xal dheellitiran oo qaabeeyay aragtidiisa nolosha adduunka. Isbeddelkaanu waxa uu saaqay wadnaha iyo dhiigwadeennada qofeed iyo bulsheed ee dadka Soomaaliyeed. Meel kasta oo uu qof Soomaaliyeed ku nool yahay waxaa hubaal ah in uu astaan Carbeed xambaarsan yahay oo mid Soomaaliyeed waa' hore ka suulay. Waa culays tan weyn. Saamayntii Carbeed waxay ku sawiran tahay tobanka qodob ee kala ah;

1) Waa in Soomaaligu barto ereyo Carbeed si uu ula xiriiro eebbaha Carbeed ee Allah.

2) In uu u lebbisto sida Carabta, qaato magac Carbeed oo si kasta isugu ekaysiiyo oo isugu dhoweeyo dadka Carbeed ee uu u afduuban yahay, u maskax doorsan yahay oo uu hoosyimaado asaga oo ku jira addoonsiga dunida maanta ugu daran ee maskaxeed.

3) U sujuudo dhagax madoow oo Sucuudiga ku yaal inta nolosha ka dhimman, ma ayidi karo aragti kale, nolol kale, aqoon kale iyo adduun kale mid na. Soomaaligu ma rumayn karo qaab nololeed kale ama u noolaanshe Soomaalinnimo ahaaneed oo u janjeera dhalad-isirnimo iyo kaalinta-nasfadeed ee ku lammaan sugnaanta [maan, garasho, isqiimayn iyo geesinnimada] ay leedahay. Cabsida carruurnimo ee dugsi Quraanka ayaa mooroduugtay.

4) Nacayb wixii Carabtu neceb tahay, gaar ahaan dalka iyo dadka Israa'iil oo ay Carabta xidid wadaag yihiin, asii cadaawad soojireen dhextaallay muddo dheer.

5) Ku dhaqanka xeerarka Carabtii Saxaraha ee qarnigii lixaad ee la diimeeyay ee ay diinta Carbeed ku salaysan tahay, kaas oo la jaanqaadi waayey waayaha iyo waxa ay sidaan ee nolosha la halmaala, iyo qaaddacaadda ilbaxnimada dunidu taabsatay (maadaama ay Carabiya ka imaan).

6) Dhallaanka oo maskaxda laga dilo si ay ugu hanuunsanaadaan maskax-xalkii dugsi Quraanka ee lagu beeray Carab-jacaylka ama dhalanteed iyo isdiiddooyin aan suurogali karin, dadka Soomaaliyeed na nolosha ku dhibay.

7) Hab-dhaqan, hab-feker iyo hab-nololeed takooray Soomaalinnimada oo sarraysiiya Carabaysiga, kaas oo burburiyay garashadii iyo dareenkii waddannimo ee Soomaaliyeed.

8) Diidmo hoosta ka xariiqaysa in la falanqeeyo diinta Carbeed oo runta laga sheego, ayada oo kasmadu tusmayso laamo isdiiddan oo diintaas ka dhex unkay is-gowrac, is-qarxin iyo ficillo kale oo aan Soomaaliyi ab iyo isir u lahayn.

9) Qaabka Soomaalidu ugu talaxtagtay diinta Carbeed dunida ma jiraan qoon la mid ah oo sida ay ugu dheggan yihiin dhoy la'aan ka yaabisay Carabtii u keentay iyo dadka kale ee dunida ku nool, hayeeshee Soomaalidu qiil u raadisaa marka ay dareento in lagu dhaato.

10) Soomaalinnimo waxay gebi ahaan, carruurnimo teer cirrool, ku saabsan tahay diinta Carbeed, nolosha oo dhan halkaan ayey ugu eg tahay oo dunida sidaas uga dhaadhaca, taas oo ku timid sida loogu nugul yahay wixii Bariga Dhexe ka soo burqa iyo cabsi xad-dhaaftay. 

Idil ahaan qodobbada ayaa ku salaysan maskax-xal keli ah. Wax kale oo ay ku dhisaalan yihiin haba yaraatee ma jiraan. Ma jiro Soomaali ilmogaleenka kala soo baxay tobanka qodob mid ka mid ah. Waa se huboonto in uu iilka la beegsan doono gunaanadka nolosha. Geeska Afrika ayaa sidaan u dhalanrogantay ka dib markii ay dad Bariga Dhexe ka soo xawileen dhiganeyaal loogu talogalay si'aynta ummadda geyigaan ku nool. Soomaaligii si kale u fekera oo iskiis agaamisa qaab aragtiyeed wuxuu mudnaan doonaa dagaal ba'an, haa, waa caadooyinka dadka gumaysi u qoolan. Dunida maanta qolo aan si kasta [gobannimo] u fekeri karin oo sheegan karta madaxbannaani ma jirto sababta oo ah waa gunnimada ugu liidata.

Soomaalidu waa isir ahaanshiheedu ku saabsan yahay minguurinta diin/dhaqan shisheeyeed. Markaas lagama filan karo iniino waddaniyeed iyo garasho hagaagsan in ay tiigsato. Lagama filan karo dheehashada isbeddelka waayaha adduunyada iyo hirgelinta dhaqan xeeran jaanqaadka socodata wakhtiyeed. Xaajadaan gurracan kuma koobna keli ah qufulane aan wax gala ama ka baxa lahayn ee waa ummad maanku dhagaxoobay dhammaanteed. Maangaabnimadu na ma aha aqoonyari keli ah ee waa feker-wadareed silloon oo ku lifaaqan iyo hab-dhaqan.

Suul-arag waxa uu arkaa keli ah inta suulku isha u jiro, soof-arag se waa fogaan-arag. Suul-arag waa nagaan ku kalsoon barta uu saldhigtay, oo cabsi u ba'ay, oo aan u fekeri karin si kale, oo saluugay wixii goofka yar ee uu ku oodmay beri ka ah. Soof-arag waa geeddi u heellan wax wal oo dantu ku jirto si uu nolosha ugu guulaysto. Dal kasta oo dunida ku yaal ayaa uunku saas u kala qaybmaan. Qayb baa caqliga tashi la wadaagta qayb kale na ku xooggan ogaan la'aan. Hubsiiso dhanka aad gacal la tahay.

Labada qaybood baa suul-araggu waxa uu oggol yahay carruur Soomaaliyeed oo buugaag Bariga Dhexe laga keenay maskaxda looga xalay; marka ay warshadda maskax-xalka (dugsiga) galaan maankoodu waa saafi noqon kara dhowaan-arag ama fogaan-arag. Marka ay waaxda maandoorriga ka qalin-jebiyaan ayey, 1) haatan ku hadlaan ereyo qalaad (Carabi), 2) waxay cabbeen Carabaysi buuxa oo gardheere gebi ahaan mooggan qaabka dunidu u shaqeyso ku qufulay inta ay caqliyeysan ka hor, 3) Soomaalinnimo iyo aqoonta dunida oo ay sedkooda ku dhacsan lahaayeen ayey geesmareen. Buugaagta caynkaas wax u baseeyey guri kasta oo Soomaali ah waa yaalaan oo ankee Soomaaliga miyiga ee wax akhrin karin wuu sitaa buug afqalaad ku qoran oo uu rumayeeyey xaqiiq ahaan. 

Godobta ka dhalata dhallaanta cabsida lagu barbaarshay qoys iyo qaran waa ay dumisaa sababta oo ah waxay dishaa kalsoonida, taagta iyo curriska maanka. Waxay deyrisaa aqoonta oo dhaawacdaa maanka dhan walba. Cabsidu hufnaanta qofeed ayey la dirirtaa oo asaagga ka reebtaa, han iyo hodantinnimo ma leh, waa tilmaan suul-araggu gooni u leeyahay. Waxyeellada ay leedahay awgeed ayaa maanta dunida horumartay ka curiyey garasho leh carruur diin ha laga ilaaliyo oo qofku marka uu qaangaaro iskiis ha u baaro oo ha qaato middii la roon.

Soof-araggu waxa uu ku dooday malaha sidaanu si ma aha. Malaha waxaan dhallaanta lagu maandoorriyey in la xaqiijiyo run ama been ayaa mudan oo halka ay ka yimaadeen, sida ay ku yimaadeen iyo waxa ay dheef leeyihiin oo la taaban karo run laga sheego cabsi la'aan. Malaha sidii sheeko baraleey looga dhursugayey ayey adduunyadii dhaaftay Soomaali oo waxaa gudboon gobannimo maskaxeed iyo maanfur. Aragtida maanta, nolosha maanta, geesinnimada iyo garashada maanta ayaa waxay qof iyo qoon dul hagoogaan su'aasha ah; ma suul-arag baad tihiin mise soof-arag? Jawaabtu su'aasha qofkii yaqaan baa ay u taallaa.

Wednesday, November 6, 2013

10 Reasons You Should Never Have a Religion


While consciously pursuing your spiritual development is commendable, joining an established religion such as Christianity, Islam, or Hinduism is one of the worst ways to go about it. In this article I’ll share 10 reasons why you must eventually abandon the baggage of organized religion if you wish to pursue conscious living in earnest.

Since Christianity is currently the world’s most popular religion, I’ll slant this article towards Christianity’s ubiquitous failings. However, you’ll find that most of these points apply equally well to other major religions (yes, even Buddhism).

1. Spirituality for dummies.


If you have the awareness level of a snail, and your thinking is mired in shame and guilt (with perhaps a twist of drug abuse or suicidal thinking), then subscribing to a religion can help you climb to a higher level of awareness. Your mindset, however, still remains incredibly dysfunctional; you’ve merely swapped one form of erroneous thinking for another.

For reasonably intelligent people who aren’t suffering from major issues with low self-esteem, religion is ridiculously consciousness-lowering. While some religious beliefs can be empowering, on the whole the decision to formally participate in a religion will merely burden your mind with a hefty load of false notions.

When you subscribe to a religion, you substitute nebulous group-think for focused, independent thought. Instead of learning to discern truth on your own, you’re told what to believe. This doesn’t accelerate your spiritual growth; on the contrary it puts the brakes on your continued conscious development. Religion is the off-switch of the human mind.

Leave the mythology behind, and learn to think for yourself. Your intellect is a better instrument of spiritual growth than any religious teachings.

2. Loss of spiritual depth perception.


One of the worst mistakes you can make in life is to attach your identity to any particular religion or philosophy, such as by saying “I am a Christian” or “I am a Buddhist.” This forces your mind into a fixed perspective, robbing you of spiritual depth perception and savagely curtailing your ability to perceive reality accurately. If that sounds like a good idea to you, you’ll probably want to gouge out one of your eyeballs too. Surely you’ll be better off with a single, fixed perspective instead of having to consider two separate image streams… unless of course you’ve become attached to stereo vision.

Religious “truths” are inherently rooted in a fixed perspective, but real truth is perspective-independent. When you substitute religious teachings for truth, you mistake shadows for light sources. Consequently, you doom yourself to stumble around in the dark, utterly confused. Clarity remains forever elusive, and the best answer you get is that life is one giant mystery. Religious mysteries, however, arise not from what is truly unknowable; they arise from the limitations of trying to understand reality from a fixed frame of reference.

A more intelligent approach is to consider reality through a variety of different perspectives without trying to force your perceptions into an artificial religious framework.

3. Engineered obedience training.


Religions are authoritarian hierarchies designed to dominate your free will. They’re power structures that aim to convince you to give away your power for the benefit of those who enjoy dominating people. When you subscribe to a religion, you enroll in a mindless minion training program. Religions don’t market themselves as such, but this is essentially how they operate.

Religions are very effective at turning human beings into sheep. They’re among the most powerful instruments of social conditioning. They operate by eroding your trust in your own intellect, gradually convincing you to put your trust into some external entity, such as a deity, prominent figure, or great book. Of course these instruments are usually controlled by those who administrate the minion training program, but they don’t have to be. Simply by convincing you to give your power away to something outside yourself, religion will condition you to be weaker, more docile, and easier to control. Religions actively promote this weakening process as if it were beneficial, commonly branding it with the word faith. What they’re actually promoting is submission.

Religions strive to fill your head with so much nonsense that your only recourse is to bow your head in submission, often quite literally. Get used to spending a lot of time on your knees because acts of submission such as bowing and kneeling are frequently incorporated into religious practice. Canine obedience training uses similar tactics. Now say, “Yes, Master.”

Have you ever wondered why religious teachings are invariably mysterious, confusing, and internally incongruent? This is no accident by the way — it’s quite intentional.

By putting forth confusing and internally conflicting information, your logical mind (i.e. your neocortex) is overwhelmed. You try in vain to integrate such contradictory beliefs, but it can’t be done. The net effect is that your logical mind disengages because it can’t find a pattern of core truth beneath all the nonsense, so without the help of your neocortex, you devolve to a more primitive (i.e. limbic) mode of thinking. You’re taught that this faith-based approach is a more spiritual and conscious way to live, but in reality it’s precisely the opposite. Getting you to distrust your own cerebral cortex actually makes you dumber and easier to manipulate and control. Karl Marx was right when he said, “Religion is the opiate of the people.”

For example, the Old Testament and the New Testament in the Bible frequently contradict each other with various rules of conduct, yet both are quoted during mass. Church leaders also behave in direct violation of the Church’s teachings, such as by covering up criminal and immoral activities by their own priests. Those who try to mentally process such glaring contradictions as coherent truth invariably suffer for it. A highly conscious person would reject membership in such an organization as patently ridiculous. So-called divine mysteries are engineered to be incomprehensible. You aren’t meant to ever make sense of them since that would defeat the whole purpose. When you finally wake up and realize it’s all B.S., you’ve taken the first step towards freedom from this oppressive system.

The truth is that so-called religious authorities don’t know any more about spirituality than you do. However, they know how to manipulate your fear and uncertainty for their own benefit. How nice of you to let them.

Although the most popular religions are very old, L. Ron Hubbard proved the process can be replicated from scratch in modern times. As long as there are large numbers of people who fear the responsibility of their own power, religions will continue to dominate the landscape of human development.

If you want to talk to God, then communicate directly instead of using third-party intermediaries. Surely God has no need of an interpreter. Don’t fall into the trap of becoming a mindless minion. It’s a mistake to think that turning off your neocortex and practicing mindless “faith” will bring you closer to God. In truth it will only bring you closer to dog.

4. Toilet-bowl time management.


If you devote serious time to the practice of religion, it’s safe to say you practice toilet-bowl time management, flushing much of your precious life down the drain with little or nothing to show for it.
First, you’ll waste a lot of time filling your head with useless nonsense. This includes reading some of the worst fiction ever written. Then there are various rules, laws, and practices to learn.

Seriously, if you have insomnia, try reading religious texts before bedtime. You’ll be asleep faster than you can say Methuselah. Why do you think hotels put Bibles next to the bed? It’s the greatest sedative known to man. I have to give props to the Scientologists for at least incorporating space aliens into their stories. It’s a shame Gene Roddenberry didn’t formally invent his own religion; Stovokor sounds like a lot of fun.

Once you finally realize your head has been filled with utter nonsense, you must then purge such garbage from your mind if you want your brain to be functional again. That can take considerably longer, assuming you succeed at all. It’s like trying to uninstall AOL from your hard drive.

Next, you can expect to waste even more time on repetitive ritual and ceremony, such as attending mass, learning prayers, and practicing unproductive meditations.

Now if you really go overboard and throw in learning a dead language for good measure, you can kiss years of your life goodbye.

The more time you devote to religious practice, the more you waste your life on pointless, dead-end pursuits… and the more you’ll want to delude yourself with a phony “Hehe, I meant to do that” attitude.

5. Support your local pedophile.


In addition to being a serious waste of time, religious practice can also be a huge waste of money.
For starters when you donate to a major religion, you support its expansion, which means you’re facilitating the enslavement of your fellow humans. That isn’t very nice, now is it? If you feel the urge to donate money, give it to a real and honorable cause, not a fabricated one. Better yet, go outside and do something that really helps people. If you can’t think of anything better, grab a can of paint and clean up some local graffiti.

Your religious donations fund freeloaders who mooch off society but who generally provide little or no value in return. Sure there are some religious people who perform valuable public services, but for the most part, that isn’t their bailiwick. These freeloaders typically operate tax-free, meaning they’re effectively subsidized by taxpayers. That’s a great racket if you’re on the receiving side… not so great if you’re funding it though.

Religions offer a suite of special services to generate additional income. They’ll spout some gibberish while feeding you a crusty wafer, pronounce you bonded to a fellow human being, pour water on your head, proclaim your manhood, cast out your demons, pronounce your transgressions forgiven, and so on. When they can’t think of anything else, they make up some drivel like confirming you’re still loyal to them. The bill may read “suggested donation,” but it’s still a bill.

When you donate money to a religious organization, you’re doing much worse than throwing your money away. You’re actively funding evil. If you think that spending a billion dollars to defend pedophiles and rapists is a good use of your hard-earned cash, perhaps you should run for Pope. You could hardly do worse. At least Wall Street is honest about its greed and lust.

Why aren’t Catholic priests allowed to marry? This has nothing to do with what’s written in the Bible or with any benefits of celibacy. This rule was invented by the Church to prevent their priests from producing heirs. When the priests died, their property would go back to the Church, thereby enriching the rich even more. Apparently God needed more cash. It was a very effective policy, as the Church is now among the richest and most powerful organizations on earth. It’s hard to fail when you have a loyal force of lifetime indentured servants who work cheaply and then yield their life savings to you when they die.

Lay religious people (i.e. non-clergy), on the other hand, are encouraged to have lots of babies because that means more people are born into the religion, which means more money and a bigger power base. Condoms are a big no-no; they’re bad for business. Marriage is a big yes; it means more brainwashed babies will be made.

6. Incest is best.


Religions frequently promote inbred social networks. You’re encouraged to spend more time with people who share the same belief system while disengaging from those with incompatible beliefs. Sometimes this is done subtly; other times it’s more obvious.

If you’re one of the saved, blessed, or otherwise enlightened individuals who stumbled upon the one true belief system, then supposedly everyone else remains in the dark. Certain religions are overtly intolerant of outsiders, but to one degree or another, all major religions cast non-subscribers in a negative light. This helps to discourage members from abandoning the religion while still enabling them to proselytize. The main idea is to maintain social structures that reward loyalty and punish freedom of thought.

This us-vs-them prejudice is totally incongruent with conscious living. It’s also downright moronic from a global perspective. But it remains a favored practice of those who pull the strings. When you’re taught to distrust other human beings, fear gets a foothold in your consciousness, and you become much easier to control.

When you join a religion, your fellow mind-slaves will help to keep you in line, socially rewarding your continued obedience while punishing your disloyalty. Why do they do this? It’s what they’ve been conditioned to do. Tell your religious friends that you’re abandoning their religion because you want to think for yourself for a while, and watch the sparks fly. Suddenly you’ve gone from best friend to evil demon. There’s no greater threat to religious people than to profess your desire to think for yourself.

There are better ways to enjoy a sense of community than joining a slavery club. Try making friends with conscious, free-thinking people for a change — people who are willing to connect with you regardless of how silly your beliefs are. You may find it intimidating at first, but it’s quite refreshing once you get used to it.

Since I get asked this question all the time, I might as well answer it publicly. Do I accept Jesus Christ as my personal savior? No more than I’d accept a credit card from Crapital One. Either way I’d be worried about the fine print.

7. Idiocy or hypocrisy – pick one.


When you subscribe to an established religion, you have only two options. You can become an idiot, or you can become a hypocrite. If you’ve already chosen the former, I’ll explain why, and I’ll use small words so that you’re sure to understand.

First, there’s the idiocy route. You can willingly swallow all of the contrived, man-made drivel that’s fed to you. Accept that the earth is only 10,000 years old. Believe stories about dead bodies coming back to life. Learn about various deities and such. Put your trust in someone who thinks they know what they’re talking about. Eat your dogma. Good boy!

Congratulations! You’re a moron believer. You’ll be saved, enlightened, and greeted with tremendous fanfare when you die… unless of course all the stuff you were taught turns out not to be true. Nah… if the guy in the robe says it’s true, it must be true. Ya gotta have faith, right?

Next, we have the hypocrisy option. In this case your neocortex is strong enough to identify various bits of utter nonsense in the religious teachings that others are trying to ram down your throat. You have a working B.S. detector, but it’s slightly damaged. You’re smart enough to realize that earth is probably a lot older than 10,000 years and that pre-marital (or non-marital) sex is a lot of fun, but some B.S. still gets through. You don’t swallow all the bull, but you still identify yourself as a follower of a particular religion, most likely because you were raised in it and never actually chose it to begin with.

To you it’s just a casual pursuit. You’re certainly not a die-hard fundamentalist, but you figure that if you drink the wine and chew the wafer now and then, it’s good enough to get you a free ride into a half-decent afterlife. You belong to the pro-God club. Surely there’s safety in numbers. Two people can’t be wrong… although 4-1/2 billion supposedly can.

In this case you become an apologist for your own religion. You don’t want to be identified with the extreme fanatics, nor do you want to be associated with the non-believers. You figure you can straddle both sides. On earth you’ll basically live as a non-practitioner (or a very sloppy and inconsistent practitioner), but when you eventually die, you’ve still got the membership card to show God.

Do you realize how deluded you are?

Perhaps if you have to throw out so much of the nonsense to make your chosen belief system palatable, you shouldn’t be drinking the Kool Aid in the first place. Free yourself from the mental baggage, stop looking to others for permission to live, and start thinking on your own. If your God exists, he’s smart enough to see through your fake ID.

From time to time, some of my readers take a stab at converting me to their religion. Most of them come across as total loons, but I can at least respect their consistency. I’ve no idea why they bother to read my site (which is about raising, not lowering, consciousness). Perhaps some of them are getting ready to convert from fundamentalism to common sense.

8. Inherited falsehood.


Please tell me you aren’t still practicing the religion you happened to be born into? Surely you’ve outgrown your baby clothes by now. Isn’t it time you also outgrew your baby religion?

What if you were born into a different culture? Would you have been conscious enough to find your way back to your current belief system? Or are your current beliefs merely a product of your environment and not the result of conscious choice?

Many religions are just a mish-mash of what came before. For example, Christianity is largely based on pagan rituals. If those pagan beliefs and rituals had been protected by copyright, Christianity wouldn’t even exist. If you take the time to dig into the roots of Christianity, you’ll encounter various theories that Christianity’s teachings were largely assembled from pre-Christian myths and that Jesus himself was merely a fictional character pieced together from earlier mythical figures. You go, Horus!

Many religious teachers (i.e. priests, rabbis, ministers, etc.) are just brainwashed slaves themselves. They don’t have any real authority and aren’t even aware of the agenda being set by their superiors. This makes them better minions because they actually believe the B.S. they’re spouting and don’t know the truth behind it. A priest, a rabbi, and a minister walk into a bar, but that’s as far as they get. They may interact with the bartender, but they never get to know the guy who owns the bar. They suffer from inherited falsehood just like everyone else.

Is your religion based on the inspired word of God? No more than this article. Just because someone says their text is divinely inspired doesn’t mean it is. Anyone can claim divine inspiration. The top religions are decided by popularity, not by truth.

Even the central figures in major religions didn’t follow the religions that were spawned in their names. If they didn’t swallow the prevailing “wisdom” about gods and spiritual leaders and such, why should you? If you want to be more like the people you worship, then follow their lead by striking out on your own.

Move beyond your baby religion. Consider maturity as a reasonable alternative.

9. Compassion in chains.


Religious rules and laws invariably hamper the development of conscience. This causes all sorts of problems like pointless violence and warfare. Those who preach nonviolence as a rule or law tend to be the most violent of all. Such people cannot be trusted because they’ll violate their proclaimed values with the weakest of excuses.

When you externalize compassion into a set of rules and laws, what you’re left with isn’t compassion at all. True compassion is a matter of conscious choice, and that requires the absence of force-backed rules and laws.

The more religious a person becomes, the less compassionate s/he is. The illusion of compassion substitutes for the real thing. Religious people tend to be the most bigoted and non-accepting people on earth. They’re the least trustworthy and suffer from the grossest character defects. They pretend they’re doing good, but they’re really collaborators in a system designed to push people into unconscious slavery to a “higher” authority. They are slaves promoting slavery.

Historically speaking, religious people love to fight each other. Instead of unconditional love, they practice conditional loyalty. The only unconditional aspect is their thirst for blood. If you disagree with them, you’re a target… either for conversion or destruction (both of which are really the same thing).

If you value the ideal of unconditional love, you won’t find it in the practice of religion. Real compassion doesn’t arise from believing in God, from practicing various rituals, or from studying the concept of karma. Compassion can only result from conscious choice, and this requires the freedom to choose without the threat of punishment or the promise of reward. If you’re obedient to your faith, it’s a safe bet that compassion is absent from your life. You probably don’t even know what real compassion feels like.

The more we collectively abandon all religion, the better off this planet will be. This doesn’t mean we have to abandon all spiritual pursuits. It just means we must stop turning spirituality into something it isn’t.

10. Faith is fear.


Religion is the systematic marketing of fear.

Blessed are the poor (donate heavily). Blessed are the meek (obey). Blessed are the humble (don’t question authority). Blessed are the hungry (make us rich while you starve). Blessed are the merciful (if you catch us doing something wrong, let it go). Blessed are the pure of heart (switch off your brain). Blessed are the timid, the cowardly, the fearful. Blessed are those who give us their power and become our slaves. Muahahaha!

That’s the kind of nonsense religion pushes on people. They train you to turn your back on courage, strength, and conscious living. This is stupidity, not divinity.

Religion will teach you to fear being different, to fear standing up for yourself, and to fear being an independent thinker. It will erode your self-trust by explaining why you’re unable to successfully manage life on your own terms: You are unworthy. You’re a sinner. You’re unclean. You belong to a lesser caste. You are not enlightened. Of course the solution is always the same — submit to the will of an external authority. Believe that you’re inadequate. Give away your power. Follow their rules and procedures. Live in fear for the rest of your life, and hope it will all turn out okay in the end.

When you practice faith instead of conscious living, you live under a cloak of fear. Eventually that cloak becomes so habitual you forget it’s even there. It’s very sad when you reach the point where you can’t even remember what it feels like to wield creative freedom over your own life, independent of what you’ve been conditioned to believe.

Faith is the coward’s substitute for courage. It’s also really good marketing if you’re the one who controls the faith. If you’re afraid or unwilling to assume total responsibility for your life, you’re a perfect match for religion.

Fear in one part of your life invariably spreads to all other parts — you can’t compartmentalize it. If you find yourself frustrated because you’re too afraid to follow your dreams, to talk to members of the opposite sex, to speak up for yourself, etc., then a good place to start is to rid your life of all religious nonsense. Don’t let fear get a foothold in your consciousness.

Stop trying to comfort yourself by swallowing religious rubbish. If you really need something to believe in, then believe in your own potential. Put your trust in your own intellect. Stop giving away your power.

Dump the safety-in-numbers silliness. Just because a lot of people believe stupid stuff doesn’t mean it isn’t stupid. It just means that stupidity is popular on this planet. When people are in a state of fear, they’ll swallow just about anything to comfort themselves, including the bastion of stupidity known as religion. Religion is spiritual immaturity.

Saturday, October 5, 2013

Religious Morality

It's psychologically comforting to believe in supernatural father figure who chooses us, guides us and rewards us, provided we perform stone age rituals and follow archaic rules primarily applicable to medieval peoples. The reasons people believe in supernaturals are many and have varied historically. However, from an evolutionary perspective it's entirely probable that our ancestors, through natural selection by the genes that shaped our brains, may have made us psychologically predispositioned to gravitate toward obedience to authoritative figure(s). Children obey adults who believe in things who then obey persuasive cultural leaders. That is not to suggest that believing in supernaturals arises from human instinct or that humans are behaving accordingly by believing in Gods, it only provides a hypothetical evolutionary perspective, a perspective religions completely deny. This makes the subject more interesting, particularly the religious' confrontational stance against the inter-connected biological composition of living things which disproves creation.

Evolution is validated act no fact refutes. Evolutionary data clarifies the human's natural moral proclivity. Science is not in the business of spelling out the meaning of life and even less in telling us how to live our lives, it's about how things are and how/why they work the way they do. Science welcomes evaluation unlike religion which is infallible and not subject to detachment, objectivity, and quantifiability. It explained many falsehoods including religious fallacies. Yet religions seek potholes in scientific discoveries in an attempt to fill the void of incomprehensible magical dictates, looking for "God of the gaps"; a theological perspective in which gaps in scientific knowledge are taken to be evidence or proof of God's existence. This absurdity often belittles the concept of God to a mere "we don't know what caused that so we assume it was God" — equally untenable talking points further diminish God to a shrinking turf of scientific ignorance.

The religious often invoke moral imperatives for believing mythical supernaturals (when all other plausibles fail miserably). This blatantly disingenuous argument ignores evolutionary data that demonstrates the innate underpinnings of morality by rendering it a learned trade. Religious morality basically comes from bronze age rules that spread by word of mouth by primitive men in a given geographical area, and although touted as virtuous they include human sacrifices, slavery, be-headings, war and oppression. A religious person even in modern times would gleefully boast that he/she would murder their neighbor had it not been for their, say, believe in Jesus. This morality is promoted as "holy", and provokes polemic invective against any opposing rational thought. Even animals have shown morality that supersedes that of many Gods!

Of the millions of Gods humans have worshiped throughout history, each shares striking similarities with the geographical population, despite being uber-galactic. Everything from emotional reasoning level to the names of Gods to local intellectual and cultural standards, from human fondness of reward and punishment — from the virgins to be met in heaven to the hell fire that awaits sinners — and the exploitation of our desire to be “praiseworthy.” Humans are so sensitive to public opinion that we only need to see a picture of two eyes glued to the wall to respond with good behavior, which explains the image in some religions of an all-seeing eye to symbolize an omniscient God. Non anthropomorphic Gods presumably possessing non human characteristics, whose physical structures go beyond our feeble minds' comprehension, hilariously have eyes that see us all, ears that hears us all and essentially all human senses! Which begs the question; did God create man or did man create God? An Arabic God like Allah would behave exactly like Arabs and reward or punish accordingly. An Asian God would display Asian characteristics. It's highly improbable the vise versa could occur. Who'd expect a God bearing African traits to appear in another continent? Clearly there is nothing perplexing about religion in comparison to science's unparalleled quest for truth.

More often than not undesirable behavior is blamed on biological outcomes ("we're behaving like animals!"), while claiming our noble traits for ourselves, when both are product of evolution. Fortunately, there has been a resurgence of the Darwinian view that morality grew out of the social instincts. Psychologists stress the intuitive way we arrive at moral judgments while activating emotional brain areas, and economists and anthropologists have shown humanity to be far more cooperative, altruistic, and fair than predicted by self-interest models. Religions seduce unsuspecting and unassuming children with morality, moral enticements involving believe in a particular God; if you don't believe you are immoral and condemned to fictional hell. In this regard one is moral, not because it is hereditary or noble, but because it's a proposition of vengeance and reward and punishment. Additionally, the very definition of morality is blurred in favor of enduring mythological ideological commitments.

Charles Darwin was interested in how morality fits the human-animal continuum, proposing in “The Descent of Man”: “Any animal whatever, endowed with well-marked social instincts…would inevitably acquire a moral sense or conscience, as soon as its intellectual powers had become as well developed … as in man.” While this opens up the potential for more strenuous scientific investigation, religion teaches its followers to be content with not knowing and deems learning and discovering sinful practices. Religious institutions and their representatives — popes, bishops, mega-preachers, ayatollahs, and rabbis — are trained to deceive by selling ignorance as "holy." Shouldn't the truth be noble and holy? People defend believe in supernaturals with "confirmation bias", they don't truly understand why they defend these silly fairy tales but they just know that they have to, often subconsciously, and, to convince themselves as well.

Since its conception a few thousand years ago religion continuously undermined scientific discoveries. And while still limited in scope scientific knowledge has unleashed astonishing discoveries about humans and living things in general, such as the human DNA sequencing, indicating that human genome and animal genome sequencing share extraordinary similarities; humans are 98% chimps, 92% mouse, 80% cows and 50% plants. The entire Earthly ecosystem is not only inter-connected but inter-dependent. However, some areas thought solved turn out to be the other way around because knowledge is gained. This is common to every subject in life. If you know a lot about something, you know how less you know. This flies in the face of the Bible or the Quraan which enforce unquestionable fairy tales through indoctrination. These outdated scriptures would not and could not have known that humans consist of cells originating from bacteria. Moreover, religions postulate the world is six thousand years old when there are structures that are more than ten thousand years old scattered around the world, and that humans are made from clay and mud when evidence obliterates such preposterous and asinine nonsense. This relegated religion to third world societies because it's not easy to promulgate to advanced societies stone age texts written by sheep herders to explain how the universe works.

Religious morality argues for medieval good versus evil conceptualization, from the least credible sources and the least credible people through an unprecedented criteria for gullibility, as legitimate authority. It is antiquated and dwarfed by modern, secular progressive values. Its use of fear as key element to advance its atrocious warfare is tantamount to child abuse and mental illness and criminality. Morality cannot be provided by Harry Potter type stories of magic and invisible supernatural beings in the sky. Faith provides nothing factual and is interchangeable. The religion a person worships today is entirely coincidental which begins with labeling of children. If we were born in ancient Greece we'd be worshiping Zeus, if we were born in Denmark during the Vikings era we would be worshiping Thor, Waaq in pre-Islamic Somalia, so on and so forth. And it always just so happens to be the right religion that our family chose. It's laughable that a creator of the universe would only know about the area in which said religion emanates from while trying to rationalize a plethora of ridiculous superstitions. Religion's principally ungraspable and refuted tales, such as the sun moving across the sky rather than the Earth spinning, implicate its lack of depth beyond mere observation.

Saturday, September 28, 2013

Al Shabaab: Waallidii Sayid Qutub

Soomaalidu waxay ka mid tahay isirrada dunida ugu fac weyn oo Geesta Afrika ku nool. Laba milyan oo gu’aad ayaa aadmigii ugu horreeyay ka faafay Geeska Afrika waxaa se ilbaxnimada aadmigu hanaqaadday tobankii kun ee gu’aad ee u dambeeyay. Waxay Soomaalidu tobankaas kun ee gu’aad xiriir la soo yeelatay guud ahaantood isirrada dunida. Tusaale ahaan xiriirkii ay la lahayd Masaaridii Hore shan kun oo gu’aad ka hor ayaa sooyaallay in ka badan afar kun oo gu’aad. Waxay Soomaaliya ku magac dheerayd “Dhulkii Gabayda.” Ilbaxnimadii waayihii hore, farsamada iyo aqoonta cusub ka hor, aqoonwadaaggii aadmiga waxaa kaalin weyn ku lahaa badmaaxeyaal qaaradaha u kala goosha. Qaabkaas ayaa dadka dega xeebaha u qaabbilay shisheeye waageeni ah oo dadka gudaha sii jira aan haleelin. Saan waxaa ku dhalan jiray saamayn kala duwan oo dhaqameed, diimeed, afeed, iwm. Sidaas ayaa qolo ba qolo u saan duwi jirtay. Dadyowga adduunku waa laba; saameeye iyo saameysane. Saameysanuhu dookh ma lahayn badanaa oo inta loo yimaado ayaa loo loogi jiray isbeddel buuxa, haddii xumaan iyo waxyeello isbeddelku dheehan yahay ama haddii uu wanaag iyo samaan ballaysimay inta ba. Arrintaan ayaa daaha ka rogaysa waxyaalo badan oo Soomaalida ku saabsan oo lagu gorfayn karaa waxa ka qaldan iyo waxa u suubban ee ku aaddan baxdadii hore, joogtada maantoole iyo timaaddada berritoole.

Isweydaarsigii Soomaaliya la yeelatay Turkigii, Shiinihii, Boortoqiiskii, Hindidii, Baarshiyaankii, Carabtii, Yurubiyaankii iyo Afrikada kale ayaa waxaa ugu waayo dheera ama ugu saameyn ballaarnaa kii Carbeed oo baallobaxsaday wixii ka dambeeyey faafkii diinta Islaamka. Waxaa loogu yeeri karaa isbeddel Soomaali soo maray kii ugu weynaa oo gebi ahaan saan duway oo teer iyo maanta aawan. Tusaale ahaan waxbarashada ugu horraysa ee Soomaaligu dugsi quraanka ayay ka bilaabataa, waxa uu kala kulmaa hab feker qaabeeyay aragtidiisa nolosha adduunka. Isbeddelkaanu waxa uu saaqay wadnaha iyo dhiigwadeennada qofeed iyo bulsheed ee dadka Soomaaliyeed. Meel kasta oo uu qof Soomaaliyeed ku nool yahay waxaa hubaal ah in uu astaan Carbeed xambaarsan yahay oo mid Soomaaliyeed waa’ hore ka suulay. Waa culays tan weyn. Dhaawaca saameyntii Carbeed yeeshay dadka Soomaaliyeed waxaa haatan ka dhashay ficillo Soomaaliyi ab iyo isir u lahayn oo ay ka mid yihiin isgorwac iyo isqarxin. Haddii awal sheekadu ahayd Afrikaan ismooday Carab ama dad sooyaalkoodii la beddelay, haatan waxaa yimid waxyaalo la soo faagay oo ay la yimaadeen gardheereyaal rumaysan in Soomaalidu qalloocan tahay oo toosin u baahan tahay oo lagu toosin karo keliya burburinta dhaqan Soomaaliyeedka iyo Carabaynta ummadda. Ururka argaggixisada ah ee Al Shabaab ayaa qof walba jeegada la xoqday halka waxaanu ka yimaadeen ama run ku noqon karaan ama aragtidaanu ka fidday. Waa mad-hab ay dhiiqday maskaxda dhimir laawe jirran, waa tii tigaantig xumihii Sayid Qutub oo qoraaga ahaa oo bartimihii qarnigii la sagoontiyay qoray dhigaallo uu ugu talogalay taageereyaashiisii faro-ku-tiriska ahaa.

Sayid Qutub waxaa uu ahaa qoraa u dhashay Masar oo ku caanbaxay keli toocsi ama gooni ahaansho. Qoraal ba qoraal ayuu kaga sarreysiisay. Qofka buuggiisa akhriya aad ayuu u dhiillo gelin jiray. Waxqorka, akhriska iyo barashada maadooyiinka ayuu aad iyo aad ugu dheeraa oo yaraantiisii – saaxiib la’aan iyo maaweelo la’aan ba – ku dhammaayey oo guddoomay qoreyaashii ugu doorka roonaa waayihiisii. Sheekooyinkiisii male-awaalka oo gabayada iyo maaweelada ku salaysnaa ayaa lagu faafshay guud ahaan haykalka waxbarasho ee Masar oo uu ku kasbaday meeqaam sare. Jago sare oo wasaaradda waxabarasha ah ayaa lagu bilay. Haseyeeshee wuxuu hay’adihii waxbarasho ku dhaliilay barashada Quraanka keliya iyo ka-gaabinta maadooyinka kale ee aqoonta cusub oo dalka lagu horrumarin karay.

Muddo dabadeed Sayid Qutub waxaa loo diray Maraykanka si uu ugu kuurgalo qaabka waxbarashada dalkaas. Dhaqankii Maraykanka iyo midab takoorkii ka jiray ayuu ku weyraxay oo qaadsiiyay walaahoow maskaxweed. Imaatinkii dalkaas ayaa bilbilay oo aydin ku taagay oo bannaanka soo dhigay uur-ku-hays ba’an oo holcaysay; buufis, isla-hadal iyo cudurro la garan waayey ayaa jaangooyay dhuyaalkii waxbarasho oo ku kalliftay in uu dib ugu laabto Masar. Dareen-larkii ayaa nacayb aan maan fiyoow ka soo go’i karin ku abuuray, Maraykan ayuu u arkay meel adduun gaddoon ka soo socdo, taas oo la talantaalliday in uu isu tusay mudnaanta waajibaad uu dadka iyo dalka Masar uga digo dhaqanka fasahaadka ah ee Maraykanka. Markii uu Masar ku soo laabtay se meeshii uu qaddar sare maamuusnaa, wuxuu u muuqday qof waashay, oo hanan waayay shaqo uu nolol maalmeedda ku kabto. Muddo ka dib waxaa hawl geliyey ururkii Walaalaha Muslimiinta oo u magacaabay tafatiraha wargeys toddobaadle ahaa ee ururkaas si uu dadweynaha uga iibiyo mabaaddiidii ururka, wuxuu mutay xubin sare oo ku lammaan golaha sare ee Walaalaha Muslimiinta.

Dawladdii Masar waxay Walaalaha Muslimiinta ku eedaysay afgembi oo jeelka u taxawday xubnihii ururka oo Sayid Qutub ku jiray. Toban gu’aad ayuu jeel liqay ka dib inta xarig qoorta loo suray kaw! Ceego looga siiyay. Saacaddii jeelka la geeyay ilaa saacaddii u dambeysay oo ceegada lagu dilay wuxuu ogsoonaa in mar un la dili doono oo hurdo iyo saamalayl gabay. In kasta oo lagu sameeyay jir-dil joogto ah oo jeellaydii qaar u geeryootay hadda na dhigaashii ayuu sii waday intii uu xirnaa waxaa na uu soo saaray qoraallo aad u wanaagsan, hayeeshee ka duulayay uur-mariidnimo garwaaqsan halaagga jeelka. Ma holin cid u doodday xuquuq aadmiyeed ama meel uu kulka qorraxda ka harsado iyo meel uu uga fakan karo maan-dilka iyo xanuunka. Ciqaabta jeelku waxay ku dirtay nolosha iyo wax wal ba oo qofku macaansado oo uu ku godobeeyey dhalanteed ka baxsan diinta Islaamka.

Dhiganeyaashii kala ahaa “Dhagaxdhigga” iyo “Harsashada Hooska Shareecada” ee caanbaxay ee Sayid Qutub ayaa waxay ku salaysnaayeen argaggaxii iyo anfariirta jeelka, wixii tiiraanyo iyo taah dhaawaca jirrabaadeed ayuu buugaagta ku shubay. Wax wal ba oo Quraan iyo Shareeco ka madaxbannaan ayuu qaaddacay oo figta sare waalli u fuulay. Halkii bilawgii uu weeraray barashada Quraanka keliya, kolkaan waxay dhaliishu si darandoorri ah ugu toosnayd dayacaadda Quraanka – dabcan nin geeri ka dhursugaa diin ayuu dugsadaa. Si aan la arag teer iyo waagii Ibnu Taymiyah iyo Cabdul Wahaab ee qarnigii 12naad iyo qarnigii 17naad ee seef-la-bood u jaanrogay dunida Muslimka ayuu tookada isu arkay wadaad weyne Islaamka u halgamayay. Dareenkii karkartay oo dhigaallada ka buuxay la na saluugay markii hore, markii dambe se kasbaday taageereyaal u arkay run tiigsimaad leh, ayaa qarsoodi ahaan faafay. Akhristeyaashii rumeeyay waxaa loogu yeeri jiray Qutubiisteyaal oo u dhignayd “waalaneyaal” maadaama ay bulshada ka beri noqon jireen. Buugaagtii se badi waxaa la daabacay imaatinkii ay Masar yimaadeen Sucuudiyiin maalqabeen ah oo la dhacay quruxda dhigaasha buugaagta. Soomaaliyi waxay u hanuunsan tahay oo durbaanka u tuntaa wixii Bariga Dhexe ka soo baxa oo keentay in sheeko Masri waalan laga soo minguuriyay oo Sucuudi soo martay ku soo hoortay oo isku gumaadaan dhoy la’aan maanta.

Hooggii Sayid Qutub himibiriiriyey geeri gocashada mooyaane, saddexda nin ee weylaalista u fariistay dib-u-habaynta Islaamka (Taymiyah, Wahaab, iyo Qutub) ayaa waxay ka midaysnaayeen dabeecado ay bulshada ay ka gaar ahaayeen ay ku dhaleecayn jireen, taas oo ay la wadaageen aqoonyahannadii diimaha kale ee isku dayay tub hagaajiska. Taxanaha diimuhu dhankaas waa isaga mid oo muddo ba waxaa soo baxay rag ku dooday guubaabin diimeed oo ku soo biiriyay waxyaalo aan horay loo arag oo dabadeed dhaliyay kala irdhoow iyo dagaal laga qoomaameeyay. Waxaa raadadka diimaha ku caddaysan in marka diinu dagaal u bareerto gunaanad sunsumatay. Wadaaddo indho-indheeya dunida Muslimka ayaa hanaqaadka Qutubiisteyaasha sebankaan ku eedeeyay Juwish doonaya dabargoynta Islaamka, sidii Injiilka ee qarnigii 15naad markii ay u kala qaybsantay laamo isdiiddan oo ka dib sii hagaastay. Lama caddayn xigaasha Sayid Qutub ee Yuhuudda, eeddu se waa un tuhunkii caado ee Carabta iyo Yuhuudda, waxaa se soojireenka diimeed tibaaxay in diinta Islaamku marayso heerkii ay mareen diimihii ka horreeyay waagii ay da’daan jirsadeen. Kala qaybsanaanta dhalisay dagaallada oo dhiiggu meel wal ba waran yahay iyo aqoonta lagu kala tegay oo dunida Islaamku ka gaabisay ayay diimihii hore mareen oo aan Islaamka u gaar ahayn. Dadkii iyo diintii ayaa kala ilbaxay.

Diinu waxay ku baahdaa geyi aqoonyari iyo saboolnimo ku bahoobeen; taas ka-soo-horjeedkeeda, meesha aqoon iyo horrumar isku bahaystaan bay ku basbeeshaa. Afrikadii loo keenay diimaha ee loo bixiyey Micheal iyo Maxamed ee maanta ku dambeeya ee haatan Yurub u dira Baaderiyaal rogaal celin diin ugu faafiya Yurubta ka qaangaartay diimaha baa tusaaleeyey xaqiiqdaas. Geesta kale ismiidaamin iyo dagaal diimeed ayaa rigaaxay, qaabka Afrikadu diimaha sidii maandoorriyaha ugu sumowday ayaa yaab iyo amakaag ku reebay dadkii ugu horrayn u keenay (Carabta iyo Yurubiyaanka). Turufo nin nolosha nacay qoray ayay argaggixisada Al Shabaab hagardoomo ugu geysatay ummadda Soomaaliyeed, ficillada nolosha aadmiga liddiga ku ah ee kooxda ayaa dhammaantood ka dhibcay maskax waalli dillootay. Sayid Qutub waagii berya ba waxaa la yeeriyay magaciisa oo ilayska aroorta hore ilaa dhalandhoolka jirdil ayuu ku sugnaa. Habeenkii magaciisa ayuu qarwi jiray sidaas darteed na karaahiyaystay magaciisa (gundhigga magac-beddelaadda Al Shabaab), wuxuu cadaawad u qaaday aqoonyahannadii iyo suugaanyahannadii uu kasmada la wadaagay. Wax wal ba oo uu lahaa ama damacsanaa ayay Al-Shabaab ku dhaqantaa; magaca la beddelo (Abu Mansuur, Abu Amriki, Anu Muscab, Abu Subeer, iwm), dagaal aan dhammaad lahayn, socod aan dhammaad lahayn, soohdimaha la tirtiro si adduunka ay u qabsadaan, dawladdaha oo la wada afgembiyo, aqoonta oo la ciribtiro si qarnigii lixaad loogu laabto, waalli, siriq, burbur iyo baaba’. Dagaalka ay leeyihiin wuxuu socon doonaa teer iyo adduun gaddoonka ujeeddadiisu ma aha in uu joogsan doono haddii ay adduunka qabsadaan, taas micnaheedu waa in ayagu islayn doonaan ilaa dadka dunidu dhammaado.

Talowanaagnimo waxay tiri “i tus oo i taabsii”, Al Shabaab waxay dhoohaneyaasha ku beerlaxawsatay sheeko baraleey iyo nashiidooyin dagaal gelineed, Soomaali ay “qaala iyo qiila” madaxmartay na waa talo beel aan fiyoobayn oo dunida ka haray. Dhanka Soomaaliya waallidii Sayid Qutub waxay isu rogtay Diinta Axmed Godane, maadaama sheekada qof ba si u fasirto ayuu Axmed Godane soo saaray amar-ku-taaglayn gaalaysiisay qofka awaamiirtiisa diida. Masaakiinta lagu maskax dilay beenta, sida in hawada Soomaaliya dul heehaabaan Xuural Cayn sugaya inta ay dhimad haleelayaan, ma moojaan Axmed Godane bay iilka u aadaan. Saynisyahannada maskaxshiilka ayaa cilmi baaray maskaxda xagjirka oo isku dubbariday culuum dheellitiran oo caddeeyay waxyeellada ay leedahay, nasiibwanaag se halkii ay wada mareen ayay kooxda Al Shabaab maraysaa gunaanad ahaan.

Saturday, April 6, 2013

Religion In Africa

 Africans are the most religious people in the world, existing entirely in a religious paradigm. Religion maintains an unprecedented all-encompassing hold on society and the individual alike in the continent. Abrahamic religions constitute the largest denominations in modern day Africa with roughly 40% subscribing to Christianity and 45% adherents of Islam. The Abrahamic religions replaced native traditions and cultures along with myriad of uniquely African practices that sustained the population for millenniums. When developmental or governmental institutions not yet established in ancient Africa, religions dictated most events – and still do so today. And although the overwhelming majority identifies with either Christianity or Islam, indigenous religions, Buddhism, Hinduism and Judaism exist in Africa.

Religious indoctrination of impressionable youth commences early for African children. A staggering number of African children only receive religious teachings and rarely obtain non-religious formal education. Parents prioritize and ensure memorization of verses the children may not fully comprehend. The population disproportionately spends entire lifetime (from cradle to grave) on religion, starting with formative years where alternatives may not be available – usually by force or compulsion and not by choice or conscience. The youth are taught very early on not to think outside the box of religiosity. They are discouraged from questioning or examining religious content, and are instead taught glorified past religious conflicts that they are expected to emulate, with little chance of learning about contemporary life of the surrounding world. Faith of the family dwarfs facts and individual worth is measured by the degree of religiousness.

In Africa, the society, the government, the family and the individual function as a religious unit. Educational institutions serve as religious indoctrination centers where Western missionaries and Arab financiers compete for influence and recruit new converts. The countryside is littered with religious structures for mass worshiping, lacking institutions of higher education or societal capacity-building infrustructure that would alleviate the lives of the downtrodden. In this context, Africa does not appear considerably different from when the Europeans or Arabs initially conquered it. It is more religious than a century ago subsequently vastly lagging in social and economic progress. Historically, where national or societal institutions falter, religion intrudes with brainwashing, backwardness, oppression, ignorance and violence.  

In Africa intuitive thinking substitutes critical thinking through religiosity, leading the population to invest substantial emotional capital in religion. Intuitive thinking relies on intuition rather than critical reflection and accentuates belief in gods. Cognitive thinking abilities decrease belief in gods (Shenhav, A., Rand, D.G., and Greene, September 2011). Prolonged religious studying in formative years attenuates cognitive reasoning capabilities throughout life. Thus, religion being an emotional affair rather than an intellectual embrace, Africans are more likely to reason emotionally because of this mode of thinking. This type of thinking promoted by religions in which faith trumps facts has proven disadvantageous for Africans.

Discussing this taboo subject often invites confrontation, a subject that has contributed significantly to African conflicts (religion has caused more wars than anything else in history has) and gestates poverty and ignorance. Where poverty and ignorance remain prevalent, religion proliferates, and vice versa. If religions developed countries, Africa’s would have been superpower. Case in point, in the 1950s Egypt and South Korea had identical per capita incomes. Today Egypt's is less than 1/5 of South Korea's. Their standard of living diametrically oppose. When many African states gained independence there was an era of hope and jubilation about future prospects, however, today it's about religious conflicts, hatred, backwardness and oppression. Current generations are far more militant than previous generations which lack the opportunity to fulfill their full individual potential. This hindrance created failed states people flee en mass for greener pastures. 

All nations or continents were once as highly religious and superstitious as Africa yet most matured from religious domination. For example, the West went from Christian nations to secular democracies. As church and state separated it ushered an era of economic, social and political advancement leading to the current technological pinnacle. Increased educational attainment cultivated the decline of religiosity in Western civilization. Education has proven the enemy of religion. 

Religion in the West has been studied extensively without fear. It has largely been rendered as an irrational blind faith, while scientific discoveries repudiated religious myths. To some degree, it is viewed as immoral for its historical promotion of slavery, conflict, human sacrifice, celestial dictatorship and mandatory love/hate relationship in the concept of good vs. evil.

Children in Western nations are not susceptible to the level of religious indoctrinations African children experience, the secular Western education system promulgates critical thought, it distinguishes factuality from imagination. The secular education system encourages independent analytical thought that African children are inoculated from by religiosity. In the Middle East, where Islam spread from, many oil-rich nations now send hundreds of thousands of their youth abroad each year to obtain secular education. The top ten universities in the West now have campuses in the Gulf region. This, while exporting dangerous Wahabi ideology to African (and other) Muslim nations. It will ensure decades of religious conflicts, malfeasance and backwardness. Moreover, the continuation of the phenomenon of curtailment of critical thought.

Africans – engaged in a life long celestial battle of good vs. evil – typically point out the flaws of developed nations when faced with plausible explanations of the detrimental effects of religiosity. The African people are mummified by holy texts and anticipate a messiah to come down from the clouds and solve all problems for them. Unlike other religious peoples of the world, the Africans behave as though they're high on religiosity due to its grip on the mind. They proudly proclaim that (whichever religion conquerors imposed) is a blessing when evidence suggests that it has greatly hindered development and probably a curse. The African people defend religion with hawkish fervor, but would not study it in an honest and transparent fashion. They may not fully understand the given religion, but are sure it's the greatest thing ever, while simultaneously ignoring glaring facts of its associated repercussions. (For Africans, religion is helping tremendously, but only in their minds.)

The behavior of the African mind on religion presents impressive indications of its hold on the continent; people are euphorically self-righteous, absolutists and irredeemable. It increases delusions, hallucinations and pathological disorders leading to fanaticism and in some instances murder and genocide. The pattern is similar from Somalia to Nigeria, from South Africa to Algeria. Africans appear blinded by religion and accordingly detached from reality. A South African observer noted;

"I sometimes feel exasperated that so may of my countrymen fail to make what seems to me an obvious and self-evident observation about the damage religion is doing to our countries and continent. I always challenge my religious friends to take a simple drive through Sandton (which is white South Africa) and Soweto (which is black) and tell me what they see. All of them without fail, just stare at me like I am a mad man as they expect to make no profound discovery. The fact that on a drive through Sandton, they will pass countless large and beautiful company buildings, office blocks, hotels, restaurants, schools – is lost to them – while a drive through Soweto will suffocate them with churches and shebeens (liquor selling establishments) – with an occasional school here and there which on Sundays are also used as places of worship by the throngs of black worshipers.
The contrast is so obvious and is duplicated in every township.

The white man made sure that the shebeens and bottlestores (which were the first targets to be burned and destroyed during the 1976 student uprising) took care of destroying our bodies, while the churches intoxicated our minds. This sorry state of affairs is no different in the rest of Africa.

Even from an African historical perspective, religion makes no sense. How do the people who chain you and take into the holocaust of slavery, displaying such intense hatred for you – making your life on earth hell – still wish that you should go to heaven when you die. Of all the 4 most important things [Guns, Money, Knowledge and Religion] white people brought with them to Africa – they allowed us, and we are proud that – we have taken the most useless rubbish. If we want to change our continent – Africa – we are wasting time concentrating on leaders, because as products and reflection of the societies where they come from we will forever continue to be ruled by these scoundrels until we can find a way of changing our people. This will be the surest way of ensuring that the people’s products which aspires to leadership is of better quality. It is this toxic mindset of ignorance and deficient cognitive thinking that afflicts Africans which religion cultivates and gestates. If we want progress, we must fight ignorance with education in order to bring forth the progress Africa is starved off."

Religiosity has not moved the human developmental indexes for Africans, where children are programmed to think as though advancement is something for others to strife for, it has omitted the healthy skepticism required for a progressive society. The continent is still evolving and has not yet reached the age of enlightenment with symptoms of zombified collective. Most are conformist, because religion is more like a ritual which people follow without thinking, hence they are unable to see the corrosive nature of a religious mindset. Their consciousnesses is in deep sleep if not in comma.

Days are spent on seeking miracle healing through telepathic communications, performing Stone Age rituals to stave off (invisible supernatural beings; devils, demons, etc) and ward off diseases. For instance, while the world seeks medicine for the AIDS epidemic ravaging the continent, African religious institutions stipulate that the disease is consequence of sinning and that god(s) are punishing the sinners (with AIDS). People pray for rain rather than learn to purify water, only to have the sun scorch crops, and when prayers or gods do not deliver it is insinuated that people are not praying enough. It is an intellectual dishonesty and a common but disingenuous religious talking point, one similar to the popular African theory that “if the conquerors did not come we'd still be worshiping fictitious gods”, and the thinking that all knowledge comes from holy books.

It is a familiar occurrence to witness two Africans who - one believing the Bible from the accident of birth, and the other believing the Quran by the same accident - each label the other a nonbeliever. The African diaspora are often flabbergasted when they encounter Europeans/Arabs whose lives religion has little influence over. Africans are so religious they now send missionaries to Europe to revitalize religion in developed countries. "We out-Muhammad Muhammad and out-Pope the Pope" - Dr. John Henrik Clarke. 

In Africa religion is a closed book, not an open book of discoveries of the wonders of life. Leaders utilize it to gain and maintain power, it is a proven weapon on the vulnerable, and people often fall prey to it. The continent consists of societies where people attempt to live like the Arabs of the 7th century, where people aim for high priesthood in Europe, and children conditioned to think that they were born with religious dogma when it is clearly a learned behavior. This is similar to suggesting that a child is born a communist, a capitalist, a socialist or a patriot. These are not innate human traits but dogmas a person accepts uncritically (usually as a child when they don't know any better and can't think for themselves). For example, a person would die for a country in the same way they would for a religion, or any other dogma, for that matter. It is essentially the thinking that a particular dogma accommodates that becomes an asset or a liability. Ultimately, any dogma that inhibits healthy skepticism is harmful.

An individual with only religious education suffers a mental gap about how the world works. Their views are skewed, their brain functioning only from a certain perspective, while completely ignorant about practically all else in life. And this is the tragedy of Africa. Religion has taken its toll on Africa; it has crippled its ability to reason, to think clearly, to understand itself. It has destroyed its confidence and diminished its ability to positively contribute to the world in proportion to its potential. Africa must initiate an honest debate regarding the subject matter. The mind killing fear that sustains religiosity must be lifted and the youth given the opportunity to think logically and forwardly. It must come out of the box of religiosity, not necessarily become irreligious, to experience and enjoy such secular/progressive values as human rights and freedom of expression that religions oppress. It must encourage free thought and enlightenment. Africa doesn't need aid, it needs critical thinkers, and currently those with critical thought flee to countries where they won't be oppressed. Countries in which the concept produced advancement and prosperity, countries that send aid to Africa.

There is no doubt that religion appeals to certain individuals but those enthusiastic about religion should not quell the cognitive development of unsuspecting African children. Basically, if religion is so great, and could stand on its own entreaties, it wouldn't prey on innocent children by frightening them with real or imaginary punishments. It would instead attract adults through rational enticement. As it is now, religions only exist on mass brainwashing of vulnerable children and the solicitation of those ripe for its domination. Religions contain both positive and negative elements, both warrant equal analysis without prejudice.

Saturday, March 23, 2013

Soomaaliya: Siyaasadda Geeska Afrika ee Maanta


Guud ahaan dalalka dunidu waxay leeyihiin dan ee ma leh saaxiib, asii ay danta daleed qeexayso in dalku uu yagleelo saaxiibbo badan oo joogto ah oo danaha lagu gabraarto. Siyaasaddu na waa wixii suurogal ah oo kula gudboon, ma aha wixii aad lexejeclo u qabto ee waa wixii dantu ku jirto, ayada ayaa waddo kuu jeexda ee adigu waddada uma jeexdid. Isla mar ahaantaas na waa hawlaha dawladeed ee la xiriira arrimaha siyaasadeed ee dalalku ay leeyihiin. Dal walba xiriirka uu dal kale la leeyahay waa u siyaasaddiisa gaar ahaaneed ee uu aayihiisa, jiritaankiisa iyo ujeeddooyinkiisa ku furdaamiyo.

Haddaba siyaasadda Soomaaliyeed dhankaas waxaad mooddaa in ay muddo dheer dhantaalnayd oo ay ku dhisaalnayd dan-beel, horraantii burburkii dawladdii dhexe iyo ka dib ba. Ma muuqato dhiirrinaan, garasho iyo dhug loo leeyahay arrimaha adduunweynaha iyo siyaasadaha geyiga Geeska Afrika. Ma muuqato siyaasad xambaarsan danaha guud ee dalka. Waa la dheelliyay intii la liici karay, waa laga maahsanaa isbeddelada dhacayay oo la moogganaa qaab looga miro dhaliyo. Sidaas awgeed Soomaaliya ma yeelan saaxiib joogto ah oo dan siyaasadeed ay la wadaagto. Sidaas darteed siyaasadda Soomaaliyeed waxaa saameeyay jahowareer iyo habow.

Waxaa in muddo ah farogalin ku hayay dalal ay ugu darraayeen Itoobiya iyo Masar. Run ahaantii labadaas dal siyaasadda Soomaaliya dhumuc weyn ayay ku lahaayeen jiritaankeedii. Waxaa labadaas dal dhexaadiyay loollan gahayray oo ku salaysan biyaha webiga Niil. Sidaas awgeed ayay dawladihii is xigay ee Masar ay isku taxalujiyeen in ay Soomaaliya la yeeshaan gacansaar iyo saamayn ay ku fuliyaan danaha Masar. Waxay kaalin weyn Masaaridu ku lahayd dagaalkii ‘77dii ee Soomaaliya ku guuldarraysatay dhan siyaasadeed, militariyeed, dhaqaale iyo sibil ba ee waxyeelladiisii ay teer iyo maanta aloosan tahay.

Farogelintii Itoobiya ku haysay Soomaaliya labaantankii sano ee burburku jiray siyaasad ahaan iskaashigii Masar iyo Soomaaliya ayaa door weyn ku lahaa. Itoobiya waxay ka foojignayd dawlad Soomaaliyeed oo soo celisa xiriirkii militariyeed, dhaqaale iyo siyaasadeed ee ay la lahayd Masar. Kaas oo Itoobiyaanku u arkay khatar ku soo food leh maadaama Masar danayso in ay Itoobiya ku furto furimmo dagaal oo hor leh, gaar ahaan dawlad Soomaaliyeed oo aagga bari colaad kaga soo qaadda. Hankaas siyaasadeed ayuu Soomaaliya ka lahaa madaxweynihii hore ee Masaarida ee Anwar Saadaad markii uu u ololeeyay in Soomaaliya ku biirto ururka Jaammacadda Carabta.

Masaaridu dedaal dheer ayay had iyo goor ugu jiraan aafaynta Itoobiya. Tusaale ahaan waxaa jira ciidan kumaandoos ah oo ay Masar leedahay oo u tababbaran in ay ka dagaallamaan dhulal hawd iyo dhir miiran ah, taas oo Itoobiya ugu dhigan ciidan loogu talo galay dhulkeeda. Si ay cadaadis Itoobiyaanka u saaraan ayay Masaaridu xiriir dhinacyo badan leh la leedahay dalalka Suudaan iyo Soomaaliya oo labaduba soohdin dheer la wadaaga Itoobiya. Dhawaan waxaa magaalada Qaahira ee xarunta Masar warbaahinta ugu gooddiyay Itoobiya taliye sare oo ka tirsan ciidammada Sucuudi Carabiya, kaas oo si bareer ah oo aan looga baran Sucuudiyiinta ugu hanjabay Itoobiya ku na tilmaamay dal lid ku ah danaha iyo arrimaha dawladaha Carbeed.

Geesta kale dawladda Itoobiya waxay ku hawlan tahay taageero ay ka kasbato reer Galbeedka oo ay u muujiso in ay tahay dal qaddiim ah oo Kiristaan ah oo sabool ah oo ay ku oodan yihiin dalal ay ka jiraan Islaamiisteyaal xagjir ah oo yididdiilo weyn u leh in ay tirtiraan jasiirad Kiristaan ah oo dhexdooda ku taal. Itoobiyaanku waa dadka ugu waddanisan Afrika waxaa na ka jira barnaamijyo taban oo dadweynaha iyo ciidammada lagu baraarujiyo oo ku saabsan dagaalka qabow ee biyaha webiga Niil. Biyaha webiga Niil boqolkiiba sagaashan waxay ka soo gororaan buuraha Itoobiya. Biyuhu Masar waa u nolol oo la’aantood waa baa’ba. Dagaalka qabow ee labada dal wuxuu soo jiray teer iyo 1929dii markii la saxeexay Heshiiskii Niil.

Haddaba dagaalkaas qabow Soomaaliya dheef ugu ma jirto dhan walba, waxaa habboon in dalku gaar ka ahaado siyaasadaha isdiiddan iyo danaha qallafsan ee dalalku ay leeyihiin. Ogsoonaanta iyo u hoggaansanaanta xaqiiqdaasu waa in ay siyaasiyiinta Soomaaliyeed u lahaato taxaddar weyn oo aan yarayn. Isla mar ahaantaas waa in siyaasiyiinta Soomaaliyeed ay danaha dalka iyo dadka u baadigoobaan qaabka ay siyaasiyiinta dalalka kale ugu heeggan yihiin oo waxtarkooda lagu cabbiro heerarkaas.

Dhawaan ayay ahayd markii Masar ay Muqdisho u soo dirtay wasiirka arrimaha dibedda oo ay ku dhawaaqday iskaashi dheellitiran. Heshiiskaasu waxa uu durba walbahaar ku abuuray madaxda dawladda Itoobiya, waxaa xigay in ciidammadii Itoobiya ee saacidayay ciidammada dawladda Soomaaliyeed ee ku sugan gobollada Bay iyo Bakool dib-u-gurasho ku dhaqaaqay, sidaas awgeed na ay Shabaab qabsatay Xudur.

Danta siyaasadeed ee uu dal leeyahay waxaa ugu horraysa sugidda soohdimaha iyo xiriirka deriska, taas oo ka horraysa xiriirrada dal ama dalal fog lala yeesho, gaar ahaan marka uu loollan iyo dagaal qabow ka dhexeeyo dal dhaw iyo mid fog. Xodxodashada Masaaridu waa mid dan daleed lagu gabraarto oo aan u roonayn Soomaaliya iyo guud ahaan Geesta Afrika. Mar waa colaad hor leh, mar waa Carabaysi iyo saamayn, mar na waa siyaasad gurracan.

Masuuliyiinta Muqdisho waa in ay u dhugyeeshaan tagtadii shalay, waa in ay ka foojignaadaan ujeeddooyinka gurracan iyo dalalka durba meelo fog uga gacan haatiyay oo aan dhib hor leh loo loogin bulshada daashay. Khaas ahaan kuwii shalay ku dhaayaday ba’ii iyo hooggii ummaddu dhexmaquurtay oo ay weli ka soo kabanin. Ma jiraan gacaltooyo iyo gacanqabad ay Masaaridu iyo ururka Jaammacadda Carabtu Soomaaliya tareen oo la taaban karo muddadii burburka, haatan oo ay Soomaaliya cagaheeda ku istaagaysana ma muuqdaan kuwo hor leh, waxaa un muuqata fursad ay dareemeen oo burinayaan, taas oo waxyeello mooyaane aan faa’iidooyin u holladayn dalka iyo dadka.

Sunday, December 30, 2012

Af Soomaaliga u Hiilli

Sannadka (2012) ayay ku aaddan tahay sannadguuradii afartanaad ee ka soo wareegatay hirgelintii qorista af Soomaaliga. Waxay ahayd 21kii bishii Oktoobar ee 1972dii markii la diiwaangeliyay qorista far Soomaaliga. Heerar kala duwan iyo halgan dheer ayaa loo soo maray ogaanta ama oggolaanshaha iyo xaqiijinta far uu afku ku dhigmo. Waxaa jiray siddeed iyo toban farood ay Soomaalidu soo alliftay oo ay ka mid ahaayeen fartii Cusmaaniya, fartii Kaddariya, Gudabiirsiya iyo qaar kale oo sannado badan laga dooday ayadoo loo kaashaday duruufihii iyo arrimihii jiray. Faraha jiray in laga doorto mid lagu wada kalsoonaado oo sugan oo dheellitiran waxay dooddeedu jirtay ka hor gobannimadii Soomaaliya. Waxaa lagu heshiin waayay mid qura oo Guddigii af Soomaaligu isku raaco. Ugu dambayntii waxaa la isku raacay far Laatiinka in lagu qoro af Soomaaliga oo uu soo agaasimay afyaqaankii Shire Jaamac Axmed oo xubin ka ahaa Guddigii af Soomaaliga. Biiraalihii la magac baxay "Iftiinka Aqoonta" ee uu afyaqaankaasi soo saaray goor ku beegan bartamihii lixdameeyadii ayuu ku soo bandhigay afka oo ku dhigan farta Laatiinka. Waxay ahayd markii ugu horraysay oo la qoray ama la akhriyay af Soomaaliga oo ku dhigan farta Laatiin. Waa guul xusid mudan oo taariikhi ah, aad iyo aadna loogu riyaaqay.

Muuhiimad weyn ayay ahayd qorista afku maadaama dadka Soomaaliyeed ee Geeska Afrika ku nool ay wax ku baran jireen ama ku qori jireen afaf shisheeyeed oo kala ahaa Carabi, Ingiriis, Talyaani, Faransiis iyo afafka dalalka deriska la ah Soomaaliya. Afafka shisheeye ma buuxin karin doorka suugaanta oo ayadu mudan magac-dhawgeeda mar walba oo af Soomaali la tibaaxo maadaama ay qayb weyn ku fadhido, sidaas awgeed ayuu Iftiinka Aqoontu ku saabsanaa suugaan, sheekooyin iyo taariikh, si loo muujiyo in Laatiinku ku habboon yahay far Soomaaliga. Qoraalka ka hor, qoraal beddelkiis suugaanta qaybaheeda kala geddisan oo oraah la tiriyay ah ayay facyadu isugu gudbin jireen taxanaha sooyaalka.

Hanashada qorista far Soomaaligu ku dhigmo waa guul ma-guuraan ah oo lama illaawaan ah oo ka mid ah guulihii laga dhaxlay taliskii waagaas dalka hagayay. Hirgelintu waxay ahayd guulside xambaarsan waddaniyad, ayaatiin iyo astaamayn Soomaalinnimo. Soomaaliya waxay gaar ka noqotay dalalka Afrika ee ku negaan afafka gumaystihii gumaysan jiray. Aqoonyahannadii iyo suugaanyahannadii Soomaaliyeed waxaa u suurogalay qorista riwaayadihii, heesihii, gabayadii iyo noocyadii kale ee suugaanta. Far Laatiinta la doorbiday faa'iidooyinka ay lahayd waxaa ka mid ahaa in buugaagta ugu badan iyo aqoonta casriga ah badankeed ku dhigan tahay alifbeetada Laatiinka. Sidaas awgeed ay dadka Soomaaliyeed u fududayso tarjumaadda buugaagta ku dhigan afafkaas.

Qoritaanka af Soomaaliga waxaa xigay abaabulkii lagu baahiyay oo lagu gaarsiiyay bulshada oo lagu taabbogeliyay barnaamijyadii ololihii reermiyiga ee Bar-ama-Baro. Sidaas oo ay tahay ayaa haddana waxaa jira weli in mar walba la akhriyo dhigaallo si silloon u dhigan oo aan afka loo turin oo si joogto ah loo dhaawaco. Waxaa taas siyaadiya in afaf kale laga doorbiday qorista ama barashada afka hooyo oo uu u cilladaysnaado dayacaad weyn oo halis galiyay jiritaankiisa oo dabargo' khatar ugu jiraa. Eeddaas waxaa leh qof wal oo Soomaali ah. Waxaana xallin kara Soomaalida. Ma aha in qof Soomaaliyeed afka hooyo yaso. Ma aha in mid kale ku faano af ama afaf kale. 

Qoritaanka af Soomaaliga ee uu hirgeliyay Guddigii Afku waxay ahayd ibo-furkii koowaad ee casriyeed ee af Soomaaliga. Waxaa uu u baahan yahay dayactir joogto ah iyo horrumarin. Hor-u-socodsiinta Soomaaligu waxay mudan tahay guddi la mid ah guddigii hirgelinta iyo u-xilsaaridda bareyaal aqoon ballaaran u leh xeerarka afka. Carro'edegta Soomaaliyeed wax badan baa afka lagu qoraa oo la akhriyaa, dhaliisha ugu weyn waxaa weeyaan in aan la adeegsan xeerarka u dhigan oo sidii la doono loo qoro. Burburkii dawladdii dhexe ee Soomaaliyeed horraantii sagaashameeyadii dabadeed waxaa soo baxay qoreyaal ciiddaas ka badan oo waxaa dadweynaha u ballaysimay door ay wixii ay doonaan qoraan cabburin la'aan oo ay ku bandhigaan aragtidooda gaarka ah. Gobannimada dhalatay oo qoraagu garwaaqsaday waxay xambaarsan tahay masuuliyad ay ugu horrayso midda uu mudan yahay afka wax lago qorayo oo gartiisa la siiyo.

Aqoonyahannadii hirgeliyay qoritaanka afka hooyo iyo mudnaanta afku leeyahay labada ba, qadderintooda iyo maamuuskooda, waxa lagu bogaadin karaa oo loogu abaalgudi karaa u hiillinta af Soomaaliga iyo in la samatabixiyo oo dhigaalkiisa aan lagu tuman. In boorka laga jafo oo si hagaagsan loo qoro oo la tixgeliyo xeerarka u yaal. U hiillinta af Soomaaligu waa taas waana marxaladda uu hadda joogo oo tibaaxaysa in uu hiil uga baahan yahay tolkiisa.